Solving graph compression via optimal transport

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 32 (NeurIPS 2019)

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Vikas Garg, Tommi Jaakkola


We propose a new approach to graph compression by appeal to optimal transport. The transport problem is seeded with prior information about node importance, attributes, and edges in the graph. The transport formulation can be setup for either directed or undirected graphs, and its dual characterization is cast in terms of distributions over the nodes. The compression pertains to the support of node distributions and makes the problem challenging to solve directly. To this end, we introduce Boolean relaxations and specify conditions under which these relaxations are exact. The relaxations admit algorithms with provably fast convergence. Moreover, we provide an exact O(d log d) algorithm for the subproblem of projecting a d-dimensional vector to transformed simplex constraints. Our method outperforms state-of-the-art compression methods on graph classification.