Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 13 (NIPS 2000)
Peter Dayan, Sham Kakade
Explaining away has mostly been considered in terms of inference of states in belief networks. We show how it can also arise in a Bayesian context in inference about the weights governing relationships such as those between stimuli and reinforcers in conditioning experiments such as bacA,'Ward blocking. We show how explaining away in weight space can be accounted for using an extension of a Kalman filter model; pro(cid:173) vide a new approximate way of looking at the Kalman gain matrix as a whitener for the correlation matrix of the observation process; suggest a network implementation of this whitener using an architecture due to Goodall; and show that the resulting model exhibits backward blocking.