Non-Intrusive Gaze Tracking Using Artificial Neural Networks

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 6 (NIPS 1993)

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Shumeet Baluja, Dean Pomerleau


We have developed an artificial neural network based gaze tracking system which can be customized to individual users. Unlike other gaze trackers, which normally require the user to wear cumbersome headgear, or to use a chin rest to ensure head immobility, our system is entirely non-intrusive. Currently, the best intrusive gaze tracking systems are accurate to approxi(cid:173) mately 0.75 degrees. In our experiments, we have been able to achieve an accuracy of 1.5 degrees, while allowing head mobility. In this paper we present an empirical analysis of the performance of a large number of artifi(cid:173) cial neural network architectures for this task.