Simple Spin Models for the Development of Ocular Dominance Columns and Iso-Orientation Patches

Part of Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 3 (NIPS 1990)

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J.D. Cowan, A. Friedman


Simple classical spin models well-known to physicists as the ANNNI and Heisenberg XY Models. in which long-range interactions occur in a pattern given by the Mexican Hat operator. can generate many of the structural properties characteristic of the ocular dominance columns and iso-orientation patches seen in cat and primate visual cortex.